Fermenting gram negative rod, of the Enterobacteriaceae family
Normal GI flora - most predominant gram negative bacillus
An exhaustive list. Most common cause of UTI. Also common: intra-abdominal infection/abscess, nosocomial pneumonia, bacteremia, prosthetic device infection.
Myriad other manifestations - note endocarditis is rare.
Gastroenteritis, ranging from travelers diarrhea to invasive infection with hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Use Contact Precautions until normal stools
If HUS, use Contact Precautions until two stools negative for E. coli 0157:H7 or 10 days from onset of diarrhea
Treatment of choice for ESBL strains is a carbapenem or other antimicrobial classes if susceptible
Suspected/confirmed verotoxigenic infection (i.e. 0157-H7) requires notification of Public Health immediately