Encapsulated gram negative diplococci
Normal flora - humans are the reservoir
Quadrivalent vaccine prevents disease by serogroups A/C/W-135/Y
Occurs in outbreaks particularly in crowded setting
Colonizer and cause of invasive disease:
Generally of little significance when cultured from nonsterile sites i.e. genital, pharynx.
Droplet/contact Precautions until 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy has been received
Close contacts may require chemoprophylaxis. Healthcare workers may require chemoprophylaxis if unprotected exposure to respiratory secretions
Invasive meningococcal disease is notifiable - call Public Health ASAP
A PCR test from the CSF is available if cultures are negative and infection is suspected. Please contact mircrobiology on call for this test if needed.