Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Precautions

Contact Precautions
Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Gram positive cocci in clusters, Coagulase positive

Epidemiology

Staph aureus is a ubiquitous organism that colonizes the skin/nares and can cause invasive disease.

MRSA risk factors include health care exposure (hospitalization, hemodialysis), antimicrobial use, incarceration, IDU, shared equipment and others

Associated syndromes

Highly virulent organism

Infection manifests as:

  • Pyogenic skin and soft tissue infection

  • MSK infection

  • Endocarditis

  • Abscess

  • Pneumonia

  • Infection of prosthetic devices

  • Others

Additional Information

MRSA: Contact precautions. To be discontinued only by IPAC. Add Droplet precautions if respiratory symptoms.

Wound infection/impetigo/scalded skin syndrome: Routine Practices if drainage can be contained by dressings otherwise Contact precautions until drainage resolved.

Pneumonia: Droplet until 24 hours of appropriate antibiotic therapy received

Toxic Shock syndrome: Routine Practices