Droplet / Contact Precautions
Until 24 hours of antimicrobial therapy
Exception: For infants < 1 month of age with no respiratory/enteric symptoms, no isolation is required
*Should be modified according to culture results when available.
Corticosteroids are an option in children ≥ 4 weeks but this is still controversial.
Dexamethasone 0.15 mg/kg (max 10 mg/dose) IV q6h x 4 days if H. influenzae or S. pneumoniae is identified.*
*Ideally give 15 - 20 minutes before or with the dose of antibiotics but if not possible, within 4 hours of start of antibiotics. Discontinue at 48 hours if cultures are negative or other pathogen suspected or identified.
Minimum 10 to 14 days or longer if complicated