Salmonella typhi

Precautions

Contact Precautions
Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Aerobic gram negative rod

Epidemiology

Humans are the reservoir - fecal-oral transmission. Increased prevalence in developing countries. Highest prevalence South Asia

Associated syndromes

Fever in Returning Traveler, Enteric fever, FUO, Bacteremia, Intra-abdominal abscess, Meningitis, Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm - "sticky" organism

Additional Information

Very high rates of FQ resistance in Indian Subcontinent.

Vaccination only prevents ~75% of disease.

Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease - think "Typhoid Mary"

Notify Medical Officer of Health (Reportable)