Small gram negative bacillus, encapsulated or not (non=non-typeable)
Normal respiratory flora.
Invasive disease sharply declined after Hib conjugate vaccine widely used, especially in children <5yrs old who were the main victims.
Most invasive disease is now caused by non-typable strains.
Colonizer of the upper respiratory tract
May cause invasive disease including:
Generally Standard Precautions
Droplet precautions until 24 hours after effective therapy if presentation is meningitis, epiglottitis, invasive bacteremia, septic arthritis, osteomyelitis, pericarditis, cellulitis, or pneumonia in an infant or child