Neisseria meningitidis

Precautions

Droplet Precautions
Droplet Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Encapsulated gram negative diplococci.

Epidemiology

Normal flora. Humans are the reservoir.

Quadrivalent vaccine prevents disease by serogroups A/C/W-135/Y.

Occurs in outbreaks particularly in crowded settings.

Associated syndromes

Colonizer and cause of invasive disease:

  • Meningitis

  • Meningococcemia

Rarely:

  • Pneumonia

  • Septic arthritis

  • Pericarditis

  • Conjunctivitis

  • Others

Generally of little significance when cultured from nonsterile sites e.g. genital, pharynx.

Additional Information

Contact and droplet precautions until 24hrs of appropriate antimicrobial therapy.

Prophylaxis may be required for close contacts and healthcare workers.