Prosthetic cardiac valve, or prosthetic material used for cardiac valve repair
Previous infective endocarditis
Congenital heart disease (CHD)
Except for the conditions listed, antibiotic prophylaxis is no longer recommended for any other forms of CHD.
*Prophylaxis is reasonable because endothelialization of prosthetic material occurs within 6 months following the procedure.
Cardiac transplantation recipients with cardiac valvular disease