Consider Infectious Diseases Consultation for severe illness, Age < 12 months and immunocompromised patients.

Indications for Treatment

Patients with symptom onset of less than 48 hours.


Patients with risk factors for Influenza-Like Illness (ILI) complications:

  • Age greater than or equal to 65 years old
  • Age less than or equal to 5 years old
  • Age 6 months to 18 years and has been on acetylsalicylic acid for long periods (increase of Reye’s syndrome associated with influenza)
  • Pregnancy and up to 4 weeks post-partum
  • Residents of nursing homes and other chronic care facilities
  • Indigenous peoples
  • Morbid obesity (BMI greater than or equal to 40)
  • Chronic cardiovascular disease
  • Chronic pulmonary disease
  • Diabetes mellitus and other metabolic diseases
  • Renal disease
  • Anemia or hemoglobinopathy
  • Immune compromising condition (due to disease, therapy or both)
  • Malignancy
  • Neurologic or neurodevelopmental conditions (including neuromuscular, neurovascular, neurodegenerative, neurodevelopmental conditions and seizures)

Patients who have severe or progressive symptoms and require hospitalization for ILI.