Consider Infectious Diseases Consultation for severe illness, Age < 12 months and immunocompromised patients.

Indications for Treatment

Patients with symptom onset of less than 48 hours.


Patients with risk factors for Influenza-Like Illness (ILI) complications:

  • Age greater than or equal to 65 years old

  • Age less than or equal to 5 years old

  • Age 6 months to 18 years and has been on acetylsalicylic acid for long periods (increase of Reye’s syndrome associated with influenza)

  • Pregnancy and up to 4 weeks post-partum

  • Residents of nursing homes and other chronic care facilities

  • Indigenous peoples

  • Morbid obesity (BMI greater than or equal to 40)

  • Chronic cardiovascular disease

  • Chronic pulmonary disease

  • Diabetes mellitus and other metabolic diseases

  • Renal disease

  • Anemia or hemoglobinopathy

  • Immune compromising condition (due to disease, therapy or both)

  • Malignancy

  • Neurologic or neurodevelopmental conditions (including neuromuscular, neurovascular, neurodegenerative, neurodevelopmental conditions and seizures)

Patients who have severe or progressive symptoms and require hospitalization for ILI.