Salmonella typhi

Precautions

Contact Precautions
Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Aerobic Gram negative rod

Epidemiology

Humans are the reservoir - fecal-oral transmission.

Increased prevalence in developing countries. Highest prevalence South Asia

Associated syndromes

  • Fever in Returning Traveler

  • Enteric fever

  • FUO

  • Bacteremia

  • Intra-abdominal abscess

  • Meningitis

  • Endovascular infection including endocarditis and infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm - "sticky" organism

Additional Information

Very high rates of FQ resistance in Indian Subcontinent.

Vaccination only prevents ~75% of disease.

Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease

Reportable - notify Public Health

Contact Precautions should be continued until 3 cultures, performed 48 hours after stopping antibiotics, are negative