See 'Additional Information'
See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Alternate Treatment

  • Doxycycline

  • Fluoroquinolone

  • Gentamicin

Pathogen information

Motile, comma-shaped, Gram-negative bacilli


The gastrointestinal tracts of domestic and wild birds and animals are reservoirs.

Transmission occurs by ingestion of contaminated food or water or by direct contact with fecal material from infected animals or people.

Associated syndromes

  • Diarrheal illness

  • Immunoreactive complications can occur like Guillain-Barre Syndrome, reactive arthritis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and erythema nodosum during convalescence

Additional Information

Contact Precautions if incontinent or diapered

Treatment can shorten the duration of illness and excretion of susceptible organisms and prevent relapse when given early in gastrointestinal tract infection.

Increasing resistance to fluoroquinolone. Consider treatment with meropenem if patient is HIV positive

Detected by stool pathogen PCR