Motile, comma-shaped, Gram-negative bacilli
The gastrointestinal tracts of domestic and wild birds and animals are reservoirs.
Transmission occurs by ingestion of contaminated food or water or by direct contact with fecal material from infected animals or people.
Immunoreactive complications can occur like Guillain-Barre Syndrome, reactive arthritis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and erythema nodosum during convalescence
Contact Precautions if incontinent or diapered
Treatment can shorten the duration of illness and excretion of susceptible organisms and prevent relapse when given early in gastrointestinal tract infection.
Increasing resistance to fluoroquinolone. Consider treatment with meropenem if patient is HIV positive
Detected by stool pathogen PCR