Salmonella typhi

Precautions

Contact Precautions
Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Aerobic gram negative rod

Epidemiology

Humans are the reservoir - fecal-oral transmission. Increased prevalence in developing countries. Highest prevalence South Asia

Associated syndromes

Fever in Returning Traveler, Enteric fever, FUO, Bacteremia, Intra-abdominal abscess, Meningitis, Endovascular infection including endocarditis

Additional Information

  •  Very high rates of FQ resistance in Indian Subcontinent

  •  Vaccination only prevents ~75% of disease

  •  Chronic carriage associated with gallbladder disease - think "Typhoid Mary"

  •  Notify Medical Officer of Health (Reportable)