Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)

Precautions

Contact Precautions
Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Gram positive cocci in clusters, Coagulase positive

Epidemiology

Staph aureus is a ubiquitous organism that colonizes the skin/nares and can cause invasive disease.

MRSA risk factors include: recent hospitalization, residence in long-term care, hemodialysis, recent antibiotic use, injection drug use, incarceration.

Associated syndromes

Highly virulent organism; infection manifests as pyogenic skin and soft tissue infection, MSK infection, endocarditis, abscess, pneumonia, infection of prosthetic devices and others

S. aureus UTI should always trigger assessment for bacteremia.

Additional Information

Infectious Diseases consultation recommended for all S. aureus bacteremia.