Staphylococcus aureus

Precautions

See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Gram positive cocci in clusters, coagulase positive

Staphylococcus aureus is a ubiquitous organism that colonizes the skin/nares and can cause invasive disease.

MRSA risk factors include:

  • Health care exposure

  • Antimicrobial use

  • Incarceration

  • Intravenous drug abuse

  • Purulent skin and soft tissue infection

  • Musculoskeletal infection

  • Infective endocarditis

  • Infection of prosthetic devices

  • Pneumonia

MSSA - Standard precautions.

MRSA - Requires contact precautions.