Therapy of gram negative organisms resistant to gentamicin and tobramycin but susceptible to amikacin (HAP, UTI, other).
As combination therapy for the treatment of some Mycobacteria spp (i.e. M. abscessus).
Consult pharmacist for level interpretation and dose individualization.
Target Trough <1 mg/L; Peak levels not recommended.
Trough <5 mg/L. Target Peak 15-30 mg/L; peak levels usually not required but if drawn record time of dose and time of level draw as accurately as possible.
Monitor creatinine at least 3 times/week. Discontinue if any signs of ototoxicity.
Nephrotoxicity (non-oliguric)- less common with once daily dosing; greater toxicity with longer duration and supratherapeutic trough levels; avoid concomitant nephrotoxins
Vestibulocochlear toxicity (irreversible)- require audiology testing if prolonged use
Can exacerbate neuromuscular blockade- e.g. contraindicated in patients with myasthenia gravis.
Increased nephrotoxicity: amphotericin B, cyclosporine, cisplatin, NSAIDS, contrast dye, vancomycin.
Increased ototoxicity: furosemide.
Increased risk of respiratory paralysis: neuromuscular blockade agents
Formal audiology assessment at baseline if planning to use aminoglycoside for >7d or if symptoms develop
Inform patient of risk of ototoxicity and to report any symptoms (oscillopsia, imbalance, hearing loss, tinnitus)
Antimicrobial class: Aminoglycoside
Pregnancy category: D
Average serum half life: 2.5
Biliary penetration: Moderate
CSF penetration: Poor
Lung penetration: Therapeutic
Urine penetration: Therapeutic