Staphylococcus aureus

Precautions

See 'Additional Information'
See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Pathogen information

Gram-positive cocci in clusters, Coagulase positive

Epidemiology

Staphylococcus aureus is a ubiquitous organism that colonizes the skin/nares and causes invasive disease.

MRSA risk factors include:

  • Known colonization

  • Health care exposure

  • Antimicrobial use

  • Incarceration

  • IDU

  • Homelessness

Associated syndromes

  • Pyogenic skin and soft tissue infection

  • MSK infection

  • Endocarditis

  • Abscess

  • Pneumonia

  • Infection of prosthetic devices

Additional Information

MSSA - Standard precautions.

MRSA - Requires contact precautions. Add droplet precautions if patient has a cough.