Clostridium tetani

Precautions

Standard Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Anaerobic Gram-positive spore-forming bacilli

Epidemiology

Unvaccinated (incompletely vaccinated) individuals with wound (portal of entry).

Note there is no herd immunity as the organism is found in soil/earth and not transmitted person-to-person.

Associated syndromes

Tetanus: generalized, localized, cephalic, neonatal

Additional Information

Deep wound with necrotic tissue highest risk. See Tetanus Recommendations in SSTI pathway regarding immunoglobulin/Td vaccination.