Fermenting gram negative rod, of the Enterobacteriaceae family
Normal GI flora.
Most predominant gram negative bacillus.
An exhaustive list.
Most common cause of UTI.
Prosthetic device infection
Gastroenteritis, ranging from travelers diarrhea to invasive infection with hemolytic-uremic syndrome
Myriad other manifestations
Note endocarditis is rare
May require contact precautions if highly resistant i.e. ESBL, carbapenem resistant.
Treatment of choice for ESBL strains is a carbapenem.
Suspected/confirmed verotoxigenic infection (i.e. 0157-H7) requires notification of Public Health immediately.