Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

Refers to a viral syndrome caused by the novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2


SARS-CoV-19 is an RNA Coronavirus that causes the disease COVID-19

It is related to the coronaviruses that cause SARS and MERS

Concomitant viral or bacterial pathogens at presentation have not been widely described with COVID-19

Secondary bacterial infection can occur in ~15% of patients particularly in those receiving mechanical ventilation

More Information

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Interim clinical guidance for management of patients with confirmed Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Updated March 7, 2020. []
  2. World Health Organization. Clinical management of severe acute respiratory infection when COVID-19 disease is suspected. Interim guidance, March 21, 2020. []
  3. Metlay JP et al. Diagnosis and treatment of adults with community-acquired pneumonia. An official clinical practice guideline of the American Thoracic Society and Infectious Diseases Society of America. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2019;200:e45. []
  4. World Health Organization. Report of the WHO-China joint mission on Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). February 24, 2020. []
  5. Novel coronavirus pneumonia emergency response epidemiology team. The epidemiological characteristics of an outbreak of 2019 novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) – China, 2020. China CDC Weekly. 2020;2:113. []
  6. Huang C et al. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet. 2020; 395:497. []
  7. Chen N et al. Epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 99 cases of 2019 novel coronavirus pneumonia in Wuhan, China: a descriptive study. Lancet. 2020;395:507. []
  8. Wang D et al. Clinical characteristics of 138 hospitalized patients with 2019 novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA. 2020. []
  9. Zhou F et al. Clinical course and risk factors for mortality of adult inpatients with COVID-19 in Wuhan, China: a retrospective cohort study. Lancet. 2020. []
  10. Young BE et al. Epidemiological features and clinical course of patients infected with SARS-CoV-2 in Singapore. JAMA. 2020. []
  11. BC Centre for Disease Control. COVID-19 Care – Lab Testing. March 15, 2020.
  12. Alhazzani W et al. Surviving Sepsis Campaign: Guidelines on the Management of Critically Ill Adults with Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). [; currently in press]

Thank you to Fraser Health for providing the pathway template. Many sections are adapted from FH.