Burkholderia cepacia complex

Precautions

Droplet / Contact Precautions
Droplet / Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Gram negative bacillus

Epidemiology

Ubiquitous water and soil pathogen.

Person-to-person spread has been documented, particularly among cystic fibrosis patients.

Associated syndromes

Important pathogen in cystic fibrosis and lung transplant recipients.

Additional Information

Infectious Diseases consultation should be obtained for assistance with antimicrobial therapy.

Antimicrobial therapy should be guided by susceptibility testing whenever possible.

Treatment options are often limited.

Chronic infection with B. cepacia complex is associated with an accelerated decline in pulmonary function and shortened survival in cystic fibrosis.

Lung transplantation in patients infected with B. cepacia complex often leads to recurrent and often severe infection with poor outcomes, causing most transplantation centers to consider it a strong contraindication to transplantation.