Salmonella - nontyphoidal

Precautions

Contact Precautions

General Information

Aerobic Gram negative rod

Humans/animals are the reservoir (i.e. reptiles - turtles/lizards, transovarial transmission in chickens-> eggs).

Fecal-oral transmission or ingestion of contaminated water/food.

  • Food-borne illness

  • Infectious colitis

  • Intra-abdominal abscess

  • Bacteremia and endovascular infection (endocarditis, infected atherosclerotic plaque/aneurysm)

Generally a self-limited illness which should not be treated with antibiotics.

Treat if immunosuppressed/bacteremic, high fever, or hospitalized.

Food handlers require proof of clearance prior to returning to work.