Neisseria meningitidis

Precautions

Droplet / Contact Precautions
Droplet / Contact Precautions

General Information

Pathogen information

Encapsulated Gram negative diplococci.

Epidemiology

Normal flora. Humans are the reservoir.

Quadrivalent vaccine prevents disease by serogroups A/C/W-135/Y.

Occurs in outbreaks particularly in crowded settings.

Associated syndromes

Colonizer and cause of invasive disease:

  • Meningitis

  • Meningococcemia

Rarely:

  • Pneumonia

  • Septic arthritis

  • Pericarditis

  • Conjunctivitis

  • Others

Generally of little significance when cultured from nonsterile sites e.g. genital, pharynx.

Additional Information

Consult Infectious Diseases for invasive disease.

Contact and droplet precautions until 24hrs of appropriate antimicrobial therapy.

Prophylaxis may be required for close contacts and healthcare workers.

Eastern Health provides rifampin prophylaxis during meningococcal outbreak free of charge as per policy 440-PHA-DDD-176

Prescription Processing and Dispensing (Outpatients)

The Pharmacy Department provides services to the Department of Health (Communicable Disease) as and when required, for the provision of medication required in the prevention of diseases such as Meningococcal outbreak, etc.

During regular working hours (1030 to 1600), this service may be accessed by calling the Pharmacy Department at 777-6244(5). After hours, the main Health Sciences Centre hospital pharmacy or Pharmacist-on-call may be contacted for emergency only.

All costs incurred in the completion of such requests are directed to the Department of Health.