SPICEM Organisms (AmpC)

Precautions

See 'Additional Information'
See 'Additional Information'

General Information

Pathogen information

Gram-negative bacteria that have inducible, chromosomal beta-lactamase genes known as AmpC.

Resistance may not be detectable initially, but appears after a period of exposure to beta-lactam antibiotics (induced).

Epidemiology

Most AmpC organisms are nosocomially encountered, are GI flora and are part of the Enterobacteriaceae family.

Associated syndromes

Syndromes caused by the organism that possesses AmpC (see individual organisms).

Additional Information

SPICEM stands for Serratia, Providencia, (Indole positive) Proteus vulgaris, Proteus penneri, Citrobacter, Enterobacter, Morganella and Hafnia