Contact Precautions

General Information

Motile, comma-shaped, gram-negative bacilli

  • The gastrointestinal tracts of domestic and wild birds and animals are reservoirs.

  • Transmission occurs by ingestion of contaminated food or water or by direct contact with fecal material from infected animals or people.

  • Diarrheal illness

  • Immunoreactive complications can occur like Guillain-Barre Syndrome, reactive arthritis, myocarditis, pericarditis, and erythema nodosum during convalescence

  • Treatment can shorten the duration of illness and excretion of susceptible organisms and prevent relapse when given early in gastrointestinal tract infection.

  • Increasing resistance to fluoroquinolone.